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Upper Hutt Leader : November 16th 2011
13 UPPER HUTT LEADER, NOVEMBER 16, 2011 NEWS EVERYTHING FOR YOUR HOME 7985tg Porirua Mega Centre - Semple St, PORIRUA Ph: 9225830 | 68 Queen Street, Upper Hutt Ph: 04 894 3654 28 Rutherford Street, LOWER HUTT Ph: 901-8030 EASYPAY® OPTIONMEANS ALL YOU PAY ISTHE ADVERTISED PRICE PLUS INSURANCE& CREDIT FEES. EASYPAY® ISAREGISTEREDTRADEMARKOFSMITHSCITY(SOUTHERN)LIMITED.MINIMUMPURCHASEFOREASYPAY® OPTIONIS$499(OTHER PAYMENT OPTIONSARE AVAILABLEFORPURCHASE LESS THAN$499). ALL FINANCE OFFERSARESUBJECT TO NORMAL CREDIT GRANTINGPROCEDURES. ANINSURANCE CHARGE ANDCREDITFEES AREREQUIRED. A DEPOSIT MAYBEREQUIRED ONCOMPUTERS, MOBILE PHONES, CAR AUDIO PRODUCTS AND NEW ACCOUNTS. INTEREST IS CHARGED FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE, HOWEVER IF YOU COMPLETE THE ACCOUNT IN FULL WITHIN THE EASYPAY® OPTION PERIOD ALL YOU PAY IS THE ADVERTISED PRICE PLUS THE CREDIT FEES ANDINSURANCECHARGE.WEEKLY PAYMENTSIF STATED ARE BASED ON A 36MONTH TERMANDINCLUDE BOOKING ANDCREDIT FEES, INSURANCE &INTEREST CHARGE. SELECTED COMPUTERS,GAMECONSOLES & SOMEPROMOTIONAL ITEMS ARE NOT AVAILABLE IN CONJUNCTION WITH DISCOUNT OR EASYPAY® OPTIONS OFFERS.UNLESS OTHERWISESTATED,DISPLAYACCESSORIES ARE NOT INCLUDED.DEPENDINGON COLOURANDCOMBINATION, SOME LOUNGEFURNITURE MAY HAVE TO BE ORDERED TO CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS. ALL OFFERS PRICES IN THIS ADVERTISEMENT ARE VALID FOR A MAXIMUM OF SEVEN DAYS FROM THE DATEOF PUBLICATION ORWHILESTOCKSLAST.SOME PRODUCTS MAY NOT BEAVAILABLE IN SOME STORES. ON EVERYTHING OVER $499 EASYPAY OPTION MEANS ALL YOU PAY IS THE ADVERTISED PRICE PLUS INSURANCE AND CREDIT FEES. CONDITIONS APPLY. SEE BELOW FOR DETAILS. EASYPAY DAYS GEMINI QUEENSIZE MATTRESS AND BASE Fabulous! The great Torquezone system combined with supple comfort layers provide fantastic comfort an awesome back support. Sleep easy on this amazing val PROUDLY MADE IN NEW ZEALAND WAS $179999 NOW $129999 SAVE $500 LESS THAN $14 PER WEEK ARIZONA 3RR + R + R LOUNGE SUITE WAS $249999 NOW $199999 SAVE $500 WOW! 4 RECLINERS LESS THAN $21 PER WEEK 50" 50PT250 50" HIGH DEFINITION PLASMA TV •RazorFrame•USB2.0-watchDivXMovies,displayphotos, playMP3Musicfilesalldirectlyonyour TVviatheUSBport•600HzMaxSub-FieldDriving •HDMIx3•RazorFrameDesign SKU: 7737422 LESS THAN $13 PER WEEK WAS $129999 NOW $119999 SAVE $100 TH-P42X30Z 42" HD PLASMA TV • Dynamic Contrast 2,000,000:1 • 600Hz Sub-field Drive •SDCardSlot•IPTV--FacebookandSHOUTcast •DLNA/Wi-FiReady•3xHDMITerminals •2xUSBTerminals SKU: 7834500 LESS THAN $9 PER WEEK 42" WAS $89999 NOW $74999 SAVE $150 MMP: Does it need fixing? Three times in the last century New Zealand got the Government it voted against. In 1911, 1978 and 1981 the major party with the least votes won the most seats and formed the Government. In 1981 Social Credit's vote would have garnered the party 25 seats under the present system, but it got none under first past the post. Why we did we end up with MMP in 1996? Does it work any better? Is it time for another change? Voters have a chance to decide on November 26. By JIM CHIPP WHAT IS THE REFERENDUM POLL ABOUT? On November 26 voters will be asked two questions: Do you want to keep MMP or change to a different system? If you want a change, which alternative system would you prefer -- first past the post, preferential voting, single transferable vote or supplementary member? If half the voters opt to keep MMP, there will be an independent review of MMP in 2012 to recommend changes. If more than half vote for change Parliament will decide whether to hold a second referendum in 2014 to choose between MMP and the most popular alternative. Mixed Member Proportional representation - the present system: everybody gets two votes -- one in one of the 70 electorates, and a party vote to elect about 50 more list MPs. First Past the Post: everybody gets one vote in one of the 120 electorates. The party with the most seats forms the government. Preferential Voting: Voters rank their choice in one of 120 electorates. If a candidate gets more than 50 per cent of the first-preference votes he or she is elected. If not, the least popular candidate is eliminated and those votes transfer to the next preference on the ballot paper and all second preferences are counted. The process is repeated until a candidate reaches more 50 per cent of the total vote. Single Transferable Vote: everybody votes in one of up to 30 electorates with multiple MPs, ranking the candidates. First preferences are counted and if any candidate reaches a predetermined quota, they are elected. After each count, the lowest polling candidate is eliminated. Their votes transfer to the voters' next preference, along with any surplus votes from candidates already elected and the next preferences are counted. The process ends when all seats are filled. Supplementary Member: everybody gets two votes, the first for an MP to represent one of 90 electorates. The second is for their preferred party and helps to elect a further 30 MPs. The 30 list MPs are elected whether or not the party gains an electorate seat. For information on the representation poll visit referendum.org.nz. Why did we get MMP? As well as the three occasions when the losing party formed a government, minor parties' votes exceeded 10 per cent of the elec- torate in 1954, 1966, 1978, 1981, 1984 and 1993 but counted for nothing. Otago University politics lecturer Bryce Edwards said New Zealand's electoral system was breaking down. First past the post couldn't really cope with more than a two-party system.'' The fourth Labour government implemented policies that were against the interests of its tra- ditional supporters, such as unions, then Jim Bolger's National Government broke elec- tion promises, alienating superannuitants and even farmers. It became a case of a plague on both their houses'' and voters chose to punish both major parties, he said. A lot of people, possibly without even understand- ing mixed member proportional representation, chose to beat the politicians with a big stick.'' Has it worked any better than first past the post? A qualified yes, is Mr Edwards' assessment. The party with the single largest party vote has alway got into government.'' However, that government has not always been the one that voters may have expected. In the first MMP election, Winston Peters campaigned hard against National then went into a coalition with them. There was a lot of dissatisfaction with that.'' In 2008 ACT got into Parlia- ment with only 3.5 per cent of the vote but New Zealand First did not with 4 per cent. Mr Edwards also questioned whether voters would find it acceptable if National polled highest but a coalition of Labour, New Zealand First and the Greens formed a government. Constitutionally, there is nothing to prevent that -- a coalition of losers. Effectively, there is a problem with pro- portional representation not being fully proportional.'' What are the alternatives? There are four alternatives -- first past the post; preferential voting; single transferable vote, as used in many local body elections; and supplementary member. Mr Edwards backs MMP because it is the fairest and most proportional and democratic option. He says first past the post is undemocratic. The campaign that once supported it seems to now favour the supplementary member. Would that fix the dis- satisfaction with MMP? Certainly, if people thought minor parties had too much power it would fix that.'' However, it wouldn't stop small parties with one electorate MP gaining several seats while another with more votes got none and it couldn't stop a coalition-of-losers government. Could MMP be tweaked to solve the problems? Absolutely,'' The 5 per cent threshold to gain seats could be altered, or abolished, which in 2008 would have given New Zea- land First more seats than ACT. The Royal Commission advocated a 4 per cent threshold. He sees no need for any threshhold. Another alternative would be to set the electorate MP threshhold at two MPs before they could drag more list MPs behind them. Any other issues with MMP? There is dissatisfaction with candidates losing in the electorate contest then getting into parlia- ment under party lists, Mr Edwards said. Candidates such as Gareth Hughes standing in Ohariu asking only for the party vote causes local distortions. No disrespect to Gareth Hughes because he is just doing what everyone else does but he is effectively standing as a non- candidate, standing and saying don't vote for me'.''
November 9th 2011
November 23rd 2011